Types of Discrimination
It is against the law to discriminate against anyone because of:
- being or becoming a transsexual person
- being married or in a civil partnership
- being pregnant or on maternity leave
- race including colour, nationality, ethnic or national origin
- religion, belief or lack of religion/belief
- sexual orientation.
You’re protected from discrimination:
- at work
- in education
- as a consumer
- when using public services
- when buying or renting property
- as a member or guest of a private club or association.
You’re legally protected from discrimination by the Equality Act 2010.
You’re also protected from discrimination if:
- you’re associated with someone who has a protected characteristic, eg a family member or friend
- you’ve complained about discrimination or supported someone else’s claim.
Forms of Discrimination
- direct discrimination – treating someone with a protected characteristic less favourably than others
- indirect discrimination – putting rules or arrangements in place that apply to everyone, but that put someone with a protected characteristic at an unfair disadvantage
- harassment – unwanted behaviour linked to a protected characteristic that violates someone’s dignity or creates an offensive environment for them
- victimisation – treating someone unfairly because they’ve complained about discrimination or harassment.
What You Can Do
If you think you’ve been unfairly discriminated against you can:
- complain directly to the person or organisation
- use someone else to help you sort it out (called ‘mediation’ or ‘alternative dispute resolution’)
- make a claim in a court or tribunal
- This may also be something that can be dealt with by your local adult social care service.
Crimes committed against someone because of their disability, gender-identity, race, religion or belief, or sexual orientation are hate crimes and should be reported to the police.
- threatening behaviour
- damage to property
- inciting others to commit hate crimes
The following short film highlights some of the key issues linked to learning disability related hate crime:
Report Hate Crime on-line
Call 999 if you’re reporting a crime that’s in progress or if someone is in immediate danger. If the crime isn’t an emergency, call 101.
Mate crimes happen when people with learning disabilities are befriended by someone who uses the relationship to exploit or abuse them.
For example, they might take over a person’s flat and treat it as their flat, or they might ‘borrow’ money or things which they never give back.
General Safety Tips Here are some tips to follow if you are out and about:
- Stay alert – awareness is your best defence
- Leave venues with friends wherever possible
- Try to stay in well-lit areas
- Be confident – even if you don’t feel it
- Travel as if you know where you are going
- Take the most direct route and try to stay within areas where other people are around
- Trust your instincts – if you think something is wrong then act on it
- Have your keys available when you reach your home or car
- Keep money for taxis – the expense is worth it
- Carry a personal alarm and use it when necessary
The following video is part of the #WhoRYa campaign which provides advice for adults with a learning disability on how to stay safe online:
Find Support in Your Area
Equality and Advisory Support Service