Domestic Abuse


The cross-government definition of domestic violence and abuse is:

Any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 or over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender or sexuality. The Duluth Model: Power and Control

The abuse can encompass, but is not limited to: Psychological; Physical; Sexual; Financial; Emotional

Refuge Website: Get Help Now


  • Two women are killed every week in England & Wales by a current/former partner (Office of National Statistics 2016)
  • 1:4 women (1:6 men) in England and Wales will experience domestic violence in their lifetimes & 8% in any given year (Crime Survey of England and Wales 2013/14)
  • Domestic violence has a higher rate of repeat victimisation than any other crime (Home Office, July 2002)
  • Every minute Police in the UK receive a report of domestic abuse (Cleveland Police: 40 times per day). Yet only 35% of domestic abuse incidents are reported to the Police (Stanko, 2000 & Home Office, 2002)
  • 62% of children in households where domestic abuse and violence is happening are also directly harmed (Safe Lives 2015)

Refuge Website: Domestic Violence Myths

Three Steps to Escaping Violence Against Women

  • Report the Violence
  • Take Action to Escape the Violence
  • Keep Safe from the Violence

Government Website: Guidance

Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme (also known as Clare’s Law)

Under the scheme an individual can ask Police to check whether a new or existing partner has a violent past. This is the ‘right to ask’. If records show that an individual may be at risk of domestic violence from a partner, the Police will consider disclosing the information if it is legal, proportionate and necessary to do so. ‘Right to know’ enables an agency to apply for a disclosure if the agency believes that an individual is at risk of domestic violence from their partner. The Police can release information if it is lawful, necessary & proportionate to do so.

Cleveland Police: Claire’s Law Webpage

Domestic Violence Protection Notices and Orders (DVPOs)

A power which puts in place protection in the immediate aftermath of a domestic violence incident and means a perpetrator can be banned with immediate effect from returning to a residence and from having contact with the victim for up to 28 days, allowing the victim time to consider their options and get the support they need.


Call 999 if it’s an emergency or contact the Police on 101 if it’s not an emergency.

24-hour National Domestic Violence Free phone Helpline: 0808 2000 247

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