Dementia is a syndrome (a group of related symptoms) associated with an ongoing decline of the brain and its abilities. This includes problems with:

  • Memory loss
  • Thinking speed
  • Mental agility
  • Language
  • Understanding
  • Judgement.

Other symptoms can also include:

  • Increasing difficulties with tasks and activities that require concentration and planning
  • Depression
  • Changes in personality and mood
  • Periods of mental confusion
  • Difficulty finding the right words.

The risk of developing dementia increases as people get older, and the condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65.

As dementia affects a person’s mental abilities, they may find planning and organising difficult, and  maintaining personal independence may also become a problem. A person with dementia will therefore usually need help from friends or relatives, including help with decision making.

Why is it Important to get a Diagnosis?

An early diagnosis can help people with dementia get the right treatment and support, and help those close to them to prepare and plan for the future. With treatment and support, many people are able to lead active, fulfilled lives (NHS Choices).

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